On GHI (Global Hunger Index) 2017, India ranked 100th position among the 119 countries. A Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute or IFPRI has released this report. In 2016, the GHI rank was 97, that means, this year, it has been fallen by three positions. GHI has stepped in its 12th year.
GHI or Global Hunger Index is a multidimensional measure, which is helpful in describing the state of hunger situation on the regional, national as well as global level. The International Food Policy Research Institute or IFPRI publishes this report yearly 2006. It provides ranks to the countries on a scale of a 0 to 100-point by considering the four indicator variables. Zero implies best score or no hunger and 100 imply worst.
The four variables are as follows:
- Undernourished population that has 1/3rd weight
- Child wasting that has 1/6th weight
- Child stunting that has 1/6th weight
- Infant mortality rate that has 1/3rd weight
In this scenario, stunting implies ‘deficiency in height in relation to age’. It signifies chronic undernutrition. Wasting implies ‘low weight in relation to a child’s height’ that signifies acute undernutrition.
GHI Highlights of 2017
India-related Information: In 2017 GHI, India has scored 31.4 and has placed at the high end of “serious” classification. This low ranking has influenced the South Asia’s regional score because three quarters of the population of South Asia is residing in India.
The rankings of India’s neighbors are Bangladesh (88), Nepal (72), China (29), Sri Lanka (84), and Myanmar (77). Pakistan and Afghanistan have the rankings of 106 and 107 respectively. North Korea and Iraq associated with the rankings of 93 and 78 that mean they have performed somewhat better in the hunger parameters along with the GHI rankings.
More than 20% of the Indian children involved with lower weight in relation to their height under the age of five and about 33% are categorized as too short in relation to their age.
India is the second biggest food producer in the world; however, it has the second highest under-nourished population around the world.
The CAR or Central African Republic is associated with highest GHI score and that is why it has been classified as “extremely alarming”. This is followed by Chad, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and then Zambia.
As per 2015-16 NFHS or National Family Health Survey, the one in three of the ‘under five’ Indian children (that means 35.7%) categorized as underweight and one in three (that means 38.4%) classified as stunted. One in five or 21% categorized as ‘wasted’.
Only three of the other countries have shown child wasting higher than 20 percent in GHI of this year and they are Sri Lanka, Djibouti, and South Sudan. The ‘child wasting rate’ of India has not displayed any considerable improvement over the last 25 years.
A noteworthy point is that India has achieved significant improvement in reducing the ‘child stunting rate’. Since 2000, it was down by 29 percent; however, with that progress also, India is associated with relatively high stunting rate – 38.4.